Instead, he referred to the Shimla agreement, which is a bilateral agreement between India and Pakistan, and refuses any third-party mediation on this issue. Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue became a major controversy after India rejected the US president`s claim that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had requested it. As the U.S. government tries to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue “bilateral” to “discuss India and Pakistan,” the focus has shifted again to previous “bilateral agreements,” whose 1972 Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement), signed by then-Indian and Pakistani Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , for friendly relations between the two countries. The agreement is the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far weighed on their relations.” He designed the steps to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations.    Jaishankar, who made the fourth commemorative conference of Ramnath Goenka, advocated a foreign policy that appreciates change and not statusquoist, as he cited important incidents in Indian history such as the war defeat with China in 1962, the Simla agreement and “inaction” after the mumbai terrorist attacks, to contrast them with India`s dynamic attitude in 2014. The Simla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 by Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in the capital Himachal Pradesh. The agreement was a peace treaty signed by the two nations after the end of the Bangladesh War in 1971. Bangladesh had been part of Pakistan since partition in 1947. In 1971, it waged a war of independence against Pakistan. India entered the war as an ally of Bangladesh, which turned the war into an Indo-Pakistan war in 1971.
The agreement was ratified the same year by the parliaments of both countries. (iii) Withdrawals will begin on the effective date of this agreement and will be concluded within 30 days.  Leader around the leadership, beyond the political divide, cited the 1972 Simla Agreement and the 1999 Lahore Declaration to stress that Kashmir is a bilateral matter. While Foreign Minister S Jaishankar said that the agreements signed between India and Pakistan between Simla and Lahore form the basis of a bilateral solution to all issues, Rahul Gandhi said that Prime Minister Modi had betrayed the agreements. Randeep Surjewala said no one dared break her. SItaram Yechury, head of the ICC, wondered what this meant for India`s agreements with Pakistan. Foreign Minister S. Jaishankar said Thursday that relations with Pakistan raise many questions in the past and said Thursday that the 1972 Simla agreement led to a “revenge” Pakistan and persistent problems in Jammu and Kashmir, as he praised the “courageous steps” taken by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his relations with the neighboring country. Shimla Agreement: July 2, 1972Shimla: What is it? The Shimla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 by Indira Gandhi, then Indian Prime Minister, and by Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, after the 1971 India-Pakistan War that liberated East Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh.
Among them, India and Pakistan have decided to abandon the conflict of the past and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation between them.